Ayurveda Karma Yoga
Ayurvedic methods of treating psychological disorders are gentle, natural, and effective.
Ayurvedic therapy contributes to a long-lasting state of balance that reduces the tendency toward recurrences.
It offers a more complete understanding of the nature and causes of psychological disorders.
Ayurveda offers effective treatment without negative side effects and the real possibility of prevention.
It promotes higher levels of psychological health.
Ayurvedic methods not only increase the balance in the body, they also progressively raise the overall level of inner contentment.
This is a natural antidote to psychological disorders.
Importance of Psychology in Ayurveda -
Manas or Mind is an integral part of Ayurvedic medicinal system and need to be addressed at each and every part of physical/mental disease. Without taking into consideration this mind factor any disease cannot be managed properly. Therefore Psychology is an integral part of practice of Ayurvedic practitioner. Rajas and Tamas are two qualities of mind which when aggravated can create psychological diseases.
1) Rajas (Principle of energy, activity, emotion, passion) – This quality leads to attachment promoting and moving towards desires and actions. A person having greediness, constant attempt to do action, excessive work, anxiety and desires is Rajas predominant.
2) Tamas (Principle of inertia, dullness, darkness, resistance) - Tamas comes from ignorance. It develops delusion, inability to take right decision, laziness and sleepiness. Person with ignorance, non-mobility, delusion etc. should be taken as Tamas predominant person.
Rajas Mental Constitution -
Common Causes of Psychological Disorders –
Improper contact of sense organs with their objects
Mistaken intellect and
Improper control over psychological urges
These three aggravate physical doshas like Vata, Pitta and Kapha and psychological doshas like Raja and Tam also giving rise to psychological diseases.
If the mind gets disturbed because of etiological factors like Prajnyaparadha etc. then mind cannot perform its normal function, which results in vitiation of mind and physical doshas. Thus body-mind apparatus is in disturbed state. When the mind is in a status of health, it contains positive feelings like those of love, affection, sharing, caring, etc. Due to above mentioned etiological factors, the natural state of the mind is disturbed and these positive feelings are driven out. They then give place to above mentioned negative feelings like those of anger, jealousy, cruelty, laziness, etc. According to Ayurveda these negative feelings are emotional toxins. If they are not driven out of body in a stipulated time, they give rise to various chronic mental disorders.
Dhyayato Vishayaat Punsaha,Sangasteshu upajaayate
Sangaat sanjaayate kaamaha kaamaat Krodhobhihi jaayate
Krodhaat bhavati sammoha Sammohaat smrutivibhramaha
Smrutibhranshaat buddhinaasho, buddhinaashat pranashyati || Gita 2/62
Attachment of objects with sense organs / Sanga
Lust for pleasure by sensual objects / Kama
1) Yuktivyapashraya/ Rational therapy -
2) Sattvavajaya / Psychotherapies -For increasing sattva quality of mind and keeping mind calm and quiet by withdrawing sense organs from their outside world and following Sadvritta or Achara rasayana.
3) Daivavyapashraya /Divine or Spiritual therapies -
This also includes obtaining gyan (Spiritual knowledge), Vigyan (Shastra/scientific knowledge), dhairya (Courage), increasing memory, meditation, sacrifice, rituals, rules, fast, swasthavritta etc.
Atmavigyan : Who am I, ? What is good and bad for me ?