Ayurveda Karma Yoga

 Advantage of Ayurvedic therapy in Psychological diseases -

Prof. Dr. Subhash Ranade

Dr. Bhaskar Patil

Ayurvedic methods of treating psychological disorders are gentle, natural, and effective.

Ayurvedic therapy contributes to a long-lasting state of balance that reduces the tendency toward recurrences.

It offers a more complete understanding of the nature and causes of psychological disorders.

Ayurveda offers effective treatment without negative side effects and the real possibility of prevention.

It promotes higher levels of psychological health.

Ayurvedic methods not only increase the balance in the body, they also progressively raise the overall level of inner contentment.

This is a natural antidote to psychological disorders. 

Importance of Psychology in Ayurveda -

Manas or Mind is an integral part of Ayurvedic medicinal system and need to be addressed at each and every part of physical/mental disease. Without taking into consideration this mind factor any disease cannot be managed properly. Therefore Psychology is an integral part of practice of Ayurvedic practitioner. Rajas and Tamas are two qualities of mind which when aggravated can create psychological diseases.

1) Rajas (Principle of energy, activity, emotion, passion) – This quality leads to attachment promoting and moving towards desires and actions. A person having greediness, constant attempt to do action, excessive work, anxiety and desires is Rajas predominant.

2) Tamas (Principle of inertia, dullness, darkness, resistance) - Tamas comes from ignorance. It develops delusion, inability to take right decision, laziness and sleepiness.  Person with ignorance, non-mobility, delusion etc. should be taken as Tamas predominant person.

Psychological Constitution


Relative predominance of sattva, rajas, or tamas is responsible for individual psychological constitution.

Sattvic Mental Constitution -
The people in whom Sattvic qualities predominate are religious, loving, compassionate and pure minded. They have good manners, behavior and conduct. They do not get easily upset or angry. Although they work hard mentally, they do not get mental fatigue. They are creative, humble and respectful of their teachers. Worshipping God and humanity, they love all and care for people.

Rajas Mental Constitution -
The people in whom rajas qualities predominate are egoistic, ambitious, aggressive, proud, competitive, and have a tendency to control others. They like power, prestige, position, and are perfectionists. They are hard working people, but are lacking in proper planning and direction. Emotionally, they are angry, jealous, and ambitious. They have a fear of failure, are subject to stress, and soon lose their mental energy. They are loving, calm and patient only as long as their self interests are served. They are good, loving, friendly and faithful only to those who are helpful to them. Their activities are self- centered.

Tamas Mental Constitution -
The people in whom tamas qualities predominate are less intelligent. They tend towards depression, laziness, and excess sleep, even during the day. A little mental work tires them easily. They like jobs of less responsibility, and they love to eat, drink, sleep and have sex. They are greedy, possessive, attached, irritable, and do not care for others.

Common Causes of Psychological Disorders –

1.     Improper contact of sense organs with their objects

2.     Mistaken intellect and

3.     Time and

4.     Improper control over psychological urges

These three aggravate physical doshas like Vata, Pitta and Kapha and psychological doshas like Raja and Tam also giving rise to psychological diseases.

Pathogenesis –

If the mind gets disturbed because of etiological factors like Prajnyaparadha etc. then mind cannot perform its normal function, which results in vitiation of mind and physical doshas. Thus body-mind apparatus is in disturbed state. When the mind is in a status of health, it contains positive feelings like those of love, affection, sharing, caring, etc. Due to above mentioned etiological factors, the natural state of the mind is disturbed and these positive feelings are driven out. They then give place to above mentioned negative feelings like those of anger, jealousy, cruelty, laziness, etc. According to Ayurveda these negative feelings are emotional toxins. If they are not driven out of body in a stipulated time, they give rise to various chronic mental disorders.

Bhagavad Gita has given following pathogenesis for all psychological diseases -

 

Dhyayato Vishayaat Punsaha,Sangasteshu upajaayate

Sangaat sanjaayate kaamaha kaamaat Krodhobhihi jaayate

Krodhaat bhavati sammoha Sammohaat smrutivibhramaha

Smrutibhranshaat buddhinaasho, buddhinaashat pranashyati || Gita 2/62

 

Thinking of pleasure

 

 

Attachment of objects with sense organs / Sanga

 

Lust for pleasure by sensual objects / Kama

 

 

 


Non fulfillment of pleasure

 

 

 


Anger/Krodha

 

 

 


Delusion / Sammoha

 

 

 

 


Vitiation in Recollection/ Smruti vibhrama

 

 

 


Damage of intelligence/ Buddhinasha

 

 

 


Destruction

 

Treatment modalities -

1) Yuktivyapashraya/ Rational therapy -Using appropriate foods, herbs and clinical therapies of opposite qualities to that of aggravated doshas.

2) Sattvavajaya / Psychotherapies -For increasing sattva quality of mind and keeping mind calm and quiet by withdrawing sense organs from their outside world and following Sadvritta or Achara rasayana.

3) Daivavyapashraya /Divine or Spiritual therapies - Spiritual methods to reduce bad deeds in the past life, with the help of various rituals, wearing gems and colors as well as chanting of mantras and the preyer to specific deities. Reference guide about treatment in ayurvvedic scripts are – 19

This also includes obtaining gyan (Spiritual knowledge), Vigyan (Shastra/scientific knowledge), dhairya (Courage), increasing memory, meditation, sacrifice, rituals, rules, fast, swasthavritta etc. 

Atmavigyan : Who am I, ? What is good and bad for me ?

Deshagyan (ritus in specific place, prakop of doshas etc), Kulagyan, Kaal gyan, Balagyan, shakti gyan etc.

(For details see the E Book on this subject. Please log on to www.ayurveda-foryou.com)